How to wash clothes

It is important to know what we wear and how to wash and care for our fabrics.

Cotton (CO) is a natural cellulose fibre, which has been obtained from subtropical plants for almost 5000 years and used for production of clothes. Cotton is grown on large cultivated areas and is very efficient. In the past, cotton was collected and treated by people, now it is done by machines. Clothes made ​​of cotton do not felt, they are durable, skin-friendly and resistant to heat. Cotton absorbs moisture, it is resistant to tearing and abrasion, and easy to care for. Cotton has low flexibility, and therefore quickly creases. However, it is easy to iron. It can be easily dyed and bleached. Cotton hardly stops heat, and therefore its fibres are ideal for production of summer clothes. The quality of cotton can be also increased in mercerization process, so that its fibres become more delicate, uniform and durable, and gain beautiful gloss, which they do not lose even during washing.

How to care for this fabric?

  • Washing: white clothes up to 95°C, coloured clothes up to 60°C.
  • It can be tumble dried.
  • It can be ironed with an iron set to high temperature (setting 3).
  • Please follow the article’s care label!

Linen (LI) is a natural raw material harvested from long, cellulose fibre stalks of flax, which are then processed into fabrics. Flax is one of the oldest and most durable natural fibres that have already been used around 4000 BC. The heyday of its production was in the Middle Ages. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, garments of linen have begun to be replaced by cotton and synthetic fibres. Delicate irregularity of fibres, their high strength and matte gloss are hallmarks of linen. It has good heat conductivity, and thanks to rapid moisture dissipation it is pleasantly cool, has breathable properties and it is skin-friendly. Clothes made ​​of linen are light and comfortable to wear. Its surface is smooth, it has antiseptic properties and does not turn yellow. Relatively low elasticity of fibres makes the fabric fairly rapidly creases. This can be prevented by combining it with other fibres. Linen hardly absorbs dirt and is easy to care for. Coloured parts of linen garments should be washed using mild washing liquids containing no optical brighteners. Linen clothes should not be spun and high temperatures should not be used for washing coloured fabrics. It is best to iron linen when it is slightly damp.

How to care for this fabric?

  • Washing: white clothes up to 95°C, coloured clothes up to 40°C. Colour parts of garments should be washed using mild washing liquids or powders containing no optical brighteners.
  • Drying: it can be tumble dried provided guidelines given on the article’s care label are observed.
  • Ironing: iron when slightly damp with an iron set on 3 maximum.
  • Please follow the article’s care label!

Silk is the product obtained from the cocoons of butterfly caterpillars. Mulberry silk and wild silk is distinguished. Silkworm larvae are grown, while wild silk is obtained from cocoons of wild butterflies. A characteristic feature of silk is its particularly gentle gloss, which beauty cannot be compared to any other fabric. Silk is comfortable to wear and it lies beautifully. In the summer, it provides coolness and in the winter a pleasant feeling of warmth. Silk has excellent moisture absorption properties: it can absorb the amount of water vapours corresponding to 30% of its own weight while having no wet feeling to the touch. Despite this, silk garments should not be worn directly on the skin because the fabric is sensitive to sweat! Silk is flexible and therefore it hardly creases. Its fibres are among the most durable natural fibres; its strength is slightly reduced in damp conditions. Silk does not pick up static, does not irritate the skin and can be worn even by very sensitive persons. Characteristic to this delicate natural product are light shades of colour and thickening of fibres. Chinese crepe (Crepe-de-Chine) is mulberry silk of a particular weave. Its surface is a little more rough and slightly granular. Crêpe Georgette is also a specific weave of mulberry silk. It is slightly transparent, airy and delicate.

How to care for this fabric?

  • Hand or machine wash (delicate cycle), maximum temperature 30°C
  • Wash with little amount of washing liquid
  • Iron using cool iron setting only. Pay attention to water stains! When ironing, use only distilled water.
  • Do not dry it in direct sunlight. Sunlight will damage the silk fabric.
  • Please follow the article’s care label!

Wool (WO) is a fibre of animal origin; it is obtained mainly from sheep. But it is also obtained from many other animals. There are different types of wool, varying in length, thickness, gloss and degree of fibre twist. Wool bristles has a peeling layer, which provides the following characteristics to it. This layer may, however, also be the reason that clothes made of wool may felt if improperly cared for. As a result of exposure to moisture and heat, individual fibres stick together and cannot return to their original state. Therefore, husk ends act like hooks. The process of felting of wool is used for production of loden clothes. As a result of disturbing the structure of fibres, fuzz pills, also called pilling may form on the wool fabric. However, this kind of fuzz pills can be easily removed with a wool clothing pill remover.

How to care for this fabric?

  • Hand wash in mild detergent, do not rub or wring! Warning! Machine washing (even using delicate cycle for wool) may be too strong and cause shrinking or pilling of fabrics.
  • Machine washing is suitable only for garments labelled safe for such washing.
  • Use the shortest spin cycle.
  • Roll wet fabric in towel and properly extract water. Give it a proper shape and dry flat.
  • Note: Remove ballpoint, lipstick and milk stains with a piece of cloth soaked in spirit.
  • Felting of wool is the result of improper care.
  • Please follow the article’s care label!

Polyester (PES) is a synthetically manufactured chemical fibre of various properties, mainly processed into mixed fibre fabrics. Depending on an application, different proportions of composition with cotton, wool or viscose are used. Polyester fibres have low moisture absorption properties, which make them dry fast. Polyester is a light, easy-to-care, not changing its shape and stable fabric that does not crease.

How to care for this fabric?

  • It can be machine washed.
  • It can be tumble dried.
  • No ironing required; otherwise, use cool iron setting only.
  • Dry cleaning is recommended.
  • Please follow the article’s care label!

Polyamide (PA) and Elastane (EL) materials belong to the group of fibres obtained chemically. Polyamide fibres are extremely stable, durable and do not crease. They are often used for making swimming costumes, swimming trunks, sportswear or rain-proof clothing because they dry very quickly. Thanks to these properties, polyamide is used for production of stockings. Products made ​​of polyamide fibres can be washed often because they are very durable. Elastane fibres are very flexible, which means they can be stretched from three to eight times compared to the original size. It does not mean they lose their shape and form, but just the opposite – they are extremely stable. Therefore, in combination with the polyamide they are suitable for making comfortable clothing able to adapt to body movements. Using these materials for the production of women’s clothing makes it easy to care for and very functional.

How to care for this fabric?

  • Wash in lukewarm water after every use.
  • Wash regularly at longer intervals in temperatures up to 60°C.
  • Iron fabrics made of 100 % polyamide using cool iron setting (setting 1).
  • Iron polyamide with addition of other fabric using medium iron setting (setting 2).
  • Dry polyamide fabrics flat or on a hanger.
  • Wash and dry elastane fabrics depending on an addition of other fabrics; please observe guidelines given on the article’s care label!
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